Graduation project 2023 from nano Electro team at delta higher institute for engineering and technology. A/D and D/A Converter Realization using the Single Electron Transistor.
Reduce The Electronic Chips
Why need to Reduce it ?
More Chips in the same place
Less Power Used
History of Computers.
Computer evolution through the ages
IBM First Hard Drive,
First Computer in the History
Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer 1942
The First Integrated Circuit
(Intel 4004), 1971
The computer began in 1942 when the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer 1942 was built (c) It would have contained 18,000 Amplefires and was the size of an entire room.
Also, the first storage disk in the world, which was invented by IBM in 1956, was of a large size that required a car to transport it and cost a lot to transport it, and its capacity was only 3.75 MB.
Now, thanks to development and miniaturization, and thanks to nanotechnology, everyone has computers in his pocket only, with much greater power than the power of the largest computer, with thousands of times the storage space.
THE POWER OF NANO TECHNOLOGY
Nanotechnology is the technology for designing, fabricating, and applying ”nanometer-scale systems ”.
Moore’s Law (the number of components per chip doubles every 18 months), It is expected to double until it reaches the size of one to 1 nm in 2030.
Apple M1 an M2 Chip
An Apple M1 fabricated on the new 3 nm would see up to 15 percent in performance gains and up to 30 percent in efficiency gains. (Image: Apple)
LIFE AFTER TRANSISTORS
The Hybrid SET/CMOS Technology is expected to be used in the future